New Zealand Vet Journal Reference style
The New Zealand Vet Journal has its own referencing system that, like all referencing systems, has particular rules about style and formatting to follow:
- In the reference list, authors names are in bold, with the surname given first, followed by first name/s initials without intervening punctuation. There should be no full stops or space between the initials. Authors should be separated with a comma.
- The reference list should be alphabetised according to the surname of the first author. Give all the authors unless there are more than 10 authors. If there are more than 10 authors, use et al. after the 10th author.
- References with the same first author follow a listing hierarchy in the reference list: i. single author, ii. two authors alphabetically according to the name of the second author, iii. three or more authors, listed chronologically. The letters a, b, c, etc should be appended to the year for sources published by the same first author in the same year.
- Journal and book titles should be in italics, title case, and unabbreviated. Journal articles and chapters in edited books should not be italicized nor title case. The publication year is given at the end of the reference list entry and should not be followed by a full stop.
- In-text citations follow an author-date format. For two authors, give both authors’ surnames separated with ‘and’. For more than two authors, give the first author’s surname and replace all other authors with an italicised ‘et al.’ There is no punctuation between the author/s and date. For example:
- Multiple citations within a single set of parenthesis are ordered chronologically and are separated with a semi-colon. For example:
- If the author is unknown (e.g., websites when only group authors are available), then ‘Anonymous’ is used.
- Non-peer reviewed references (e.g. unpublished data, information retrieved from a website) should be less than two years old and marked with an asterisk in the reference list with a footnote denoting lack of peer review (e.g., *Non-peer reviewed).
(Kogan and Bontempo 2008)
(Lund et al. 2002)
(Weese et al. 2005; Strohmeyer et al. 2006; Schlesinger and Joffe 2011)
Journals in the reference list
Order: Author/s. Title of article. Full Name of the Journal volume number, first page–last page numbers, year
Haines K, Stern J, Pearce T, Troiano PG, Berringer K, Walker L, Tyson Y, Cuttance J, Leslie JM, Coughlan R. et al. Evidence in practice- a systemic review of companion animal data from New Zealand veterinary clinics. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 54, 43-67, 2019
Smith JC. Estimates of the medical costs of companion animals in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 37, 23-36, 2010
Smith JC, Lang B, Kraur K. Nutrition and the evolution of cat food. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 49, 4-10, 2010a
Smith JC, Kipper I, Doherty P, Besser L. A review of the impacts of goldfish breeding and the implications for clinical practice. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 61, 40-52, 2010b
Books in the reference list
Order: Author/s. Title of Book. Publisher name, Publisher city, State (if applicable), Country, year
Cuttance J, Haines K, Leslie JM, Coughlan R. Cows and Their Friends. Huia Publishers, Wellington, NZ, 2010
Edited book chapters in the reference list
Order: Author/s. Chapter title. In: Editor AB, Editor CD (eds). Book Title. 2nd Edtn. Pp first page–last page numbers. Publisher name, Publisher city, State (if applicable), Country, year
Hostleter JG, Murray G. Calves. In: Berrigan D, Gates MC (eds). Cows and Bulls. 2nd Edtn. Pp 23-45. Rutgers Publishing, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA, 2009
Websites in the reference list
Order: Author/s. Document Title. Full URL of website (accessed Day Month Year). Company, City, Country, year
*Anonymous. New Zealand Dairy Statistics 2008-09. http://www.lic.co.nz/pdf/dairy_stats/DAIRY_STATISTICS_08-09.pdf (accessed 02 November 2010). LIC and DairyNZ, Hamilton, NZ, 2009
Other kinds of reference list entries
Order: Author C, Author B, Author AD, Author E. Title of communication. In: Author A, Author BC, Author D (eds). Name of the Meeting or Symposium. Pp first page–last page. Publisher name, Publisher city, State (if applicable), Country, year
Order: Author A, Author N, Author CAB, Author M. Title of communication. Proceedings of the Conference Title. Pp first page–last page numbers or poster/article number, year
Order: Author M, Author J, Author PE, Author D. Document title. Full URL of website (accessed Day Month Year). Company, City, Country, year
Order: Author M. Title of thesis. Type of thesis, University with English name, location of the University (i.e. City, State (if applicable), Country), year
These pages are provided as a guide to proper referencing. Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. If you have questions not covered here, check in the style guide listed above, ask your course coordinator, or ask at Academic Q+A.